Muslims observe the Prophet Muhammed’s birthday (Peace Be Upon Him) on the 12th day of the Islamic month of Rabi’ al-awwal (the third month of the Islamic calendar). The Prophet Muhammed was born in Mecca, a city in Saudi Arabia that is revered as holy by Muslims.
What do muslims do to celebrate the prophet’s birthday (Mawlid)?
Mawlid, or Milad, of the prophet Muhammed (PBUH) is celebrated with large street parades in some countries. Homes and mosques are also decorated. Muslims donate food and other goods for charity on or around this day to revive the Sunna of the prophet. Also, they listen to their children read out poems about events that occurred in the Prophet Muhammed’s life. In addition, the holy Quran is read and many Adkar (prayers) are chanted in this occasion to ask for Allah’s forgiveness. Muhammed is believed to have been born on a Monday and scholars see fasting during the hours of daylight on Mondays as another way to celebrate his birth.
The Prophet’s Mawlid and public life
Mawlid is a public holiday in all Islamic countries. Islamic schools, stores, businesses and organizations may be closed for part of or all of the day.
Background
The word Mawlid, or Milad, comes from the Arabic word for birth
( (مولدand usually refers to the anniversary of Muhammed’s birth. This observance is also known as Mevlid Serif in Turkish, Mawlūd Sharīf in Urdu and Maulidur-Rasūl in Malay.

Mawlid al-Nabi (the Prophet’s birthday)
The prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made the day of his birth a day of worship, which is different to celebration. He was asked about fasting on Mondays, and he said: “That is the day on which I was born and the day on which I was entrusted with the Mission or when I was first given Revelation.” (Reported by Muslim, al-Nisaa’i and Abu Dawood).
Moreover, we know that the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) were the people who loved the Prophet most. Was it reported that Abu Bakr, who was the closest of people to him and the one who loved him the most, celebrated the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
This celebration is a sign of one’s love for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him. What the Qur’aan tells us is that love of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is demonstrated by following the guidance he brought. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Say (O Muhammad): ‘If you (really) love Allaah, then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Say: ‘Obey Allaah and the Messenger.’ But if they turn away, then Allaah does not like the disbelievers.” [Aal ‘Imraan 3:31-32]
The first aayah explains that love is just a claim, but the proof of sincerity is following what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) brought. The second aayah reaffirms the importance and necessity of obeying Allaah and His Messenger. Hence Allaah ended the aayah with a very stern warning in which those who refuse to obey are described as kaafirs, and Allah does not love the disbelievers. We ask Allaah to keep us safe from that. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us of the danger of not obeying him, and the danger of adding to what he brought. However, celebrating the prophet Muhammed’s birthday aims at demonstrating muslims’ love and obedience to Allah and the prophet. We ask Allaah to protect us from bid’ah and to bless us by helping us to follow the straightforward path of our beloved messenger. Allaah knows best. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad. Amine.